How to Master the Sitting Trot
By Sandra Verda-Zanatta, Owner/Founder of Fit To Ride
Ah, sitting trot – the nemesis of so many riders of all ages, levels, and disciplines! In order to develop a balanced, independent seat that does not hinder the horse, but rather allows him to move with maximum ease and efficiency, the rider needs to have flexibility and suppleness through the legs, hips, and lumbar spine (lower back), stability in the pelvis, and strength in the core. These qualities allow the rider to maintain an upright posture that is firm and supple, not rigid, as riding is dynamic and requires a constant repetitive series of muscle contractions.
Here are some easy exercises to help you develop your best sitting trot, one that hopefully you and your horse can enjoy for many strides!
MOBILITY & FLEXIBILITY EXERCISES:
Hip Flexor/Quadriceps Stretch
Hip Flexor/Quadriceps Stretch
With your left knee on floor and your right leg forward, adopt a lunge position. Keep more weight on your left knee and press down into the floor, at the same time pressing your left hip forward, stretching through your hip flexors and quadriceps. Hold for 30 seconds and relax. Switch legs and try the same stretch on the other side. Repeat three to five times on each side.
Put your left foot up on a raised surface such as a chair, stairs, exercise ball, etc. Flex your foot, bend your right leg at the knee, and press into the hamstring of your extended left leg while closing your hip angle. You back should remain flat. Hold for 30 seconds and relax, then stretch your right hamstring.
Hip Roll for Spine Mobility
Hip Roll for Spine Mobility
Lie flat on your back with your knees bent and heels in line with your seat bones. Draw your belly button in toward your spine and tilt your pelvis posterior. Then, exhale and, starting with your tailbone and lower back, peel yourself slowly off the floor one vertebra at a time until your upper legs and back form a long, flat line. Hold this position, inhale, and then as you exhale, slowly roll yourself back down, starting with your upper back and ribs, keeping your tailbone up as long as possible. Stretch through your lower back (lumbar spine) and relax. Repeat 10 times.
CORE STRENGTHENING EXERCISES:
Abdominal Mini Crunch
Abdominal Mini Crunch
Lie on your back, feet off floor, with your knees bent at an angle of 90 degrees or slightly more. Keeping your pelvis in a neutral and flat position, raise your head slightly off the floor with your gaze toward your knees. Lift your arms one to two inches off the floor, reaching them towards your heels. Then, keeping your shoulder blades flat on your back (avoid hunching them forward), exhale as you curl up, lifting your upper body off the floor slightly. Remember to breathe as you hold the position for 10 seconds (five inhalations/exhalations), then lower yourself back down and relax. Repeat 10 times.
Ball Bounces: Correct
Ball Bounces: Incorrect
Sitting on an exercise ball, draw your belly button inward toward your spine. Feel a connection in your torso as you keep your shoulder blades flat on your back and stay open in front with your chest, all the while maintaining a connection in your core to avoid arching your back and becoming extended (popping your chest out).
Sit tall with your hands crossed over your chest and gently bounce on the ball. As you gradually increase the height and speed of the bounce, concentrate on keeping your core connection and growing tall through the top of your head. As you progress, try moving your hands to your hips, holding your hands in riding position, out to the side, and then above your head. The goal is to maintain the same upper body position and avoid collapsing in your torso while you bounce and move your arms into different positions. Start by bouncing for one to two minutes and gradually increase the duration.
This exercise is good for improving coordination, core strength, isolating body parts, and general body awareness.
First, there are a couple of important things to consider in preparation for sitting trot:
- Your horse needs to be round and “on the bit” with a relaxed back. If the horse’s back is hollow, the result will be a jarring, choppy feeling that is uncomfortable and can increase tension in both you and your horse.
- The tempo (speed of the rhythm) must be easy for the rider to sit and relax to. For this purpose, it may be better to begin with a slightly slower trot. You can always ride more forward as you become increasingly comfortable and establish your seat and balance.
- Sit in the centre of the saddle and line your belly button up with the horse’s withers. Sit equally on both seat bones, take your legs off saddle, and then let them drop down lightly onto horse’s sides. Think of your legs being long and hanging towards the ground as if you have weights on your ankles. You can actually wear ankle weights to get a sense of this feeling (usually best done on the lunge line). Ankle weights give input to your legs, drawing them down towards the ground, and can be especially helpful for riders who tend to get tight in the hip flexors and draw their knees and heels up when sitting or applying leg aids.
The following exercises can be practiced both on the lunge line and independently.
This is a great exercise for introducing the sitting trot to riders and to young or green horses, as it gradually builds strength and promotes fluidity and harmony.
Starting in rising trot, establish a steady rhythm and round outline. Sit for two beats and rise again for a few strides, then repeat. The goal is that you maintain the same tempo with no disruption while you do a smooth transition from rising to sitting and vice versa. Practice this exercise and when sitting for two beats becomes easy and fluid, try sitting for three beats, then four beats, and so on. Eventually you’ll find yourself being able to sit the trot for longer durations while maintaining position, balance, and relaxation. Whenever you feel tension, begin to bounce, or start to rely on your hands for balance, it is important that you return to rising trot, reorganize, and then start again so that you develop good habits and create correct muscle memory for both the horse and yourself.
Open the Hip Angle
Another useful exercise that will help you develop a deep, following seat is to begin in sitting trot and take your upper body back behind the vertical to allow your hip angle to open. This will allow you to really feel the horse’s movement through your hips. Try this for several strides and then gradually straighten your upper body to a vertical position, maintaining the same deep seat and keeping the feeling of movement through your hips with your legs long and relaxed. Repeat several times, giving your horse walk or rising trot breaks in between.
Posting Trot without Stirrups
If you are having trouble relaxing through your hips and following the horse’s movement in the sitting trot, try posting trot without stirrups for an extended period of time until you feel fatigued, then sit the trot. When you fatigue the muscles in your hips, legs, and inner thigh, you are less likely to tense and grip with them when you sit.
I hope you find these stretches and exercises helpful in developing a harmonious sitting trot with your equine partner!
For more information about how to improve your sitting trot and develop an independent, balanced seat please contact Sandra at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit her website at www.fit2ride.ca.
Sandra Verda-Zanatta is a dressage trainer, nationally certified Equine Canada Coach, and FEI-level competitor, whose coaching accomplishments include developing senior members of the Canadian Para-Equestrian Team in preparation for the 2004 and 2008 Paralympic Games. Also a certified STOTT Pilates instructor, Sandra created the unique Fit To Ride Pilates for Equestrians Program which offers dressage lessons, mounted lunge lessons, and Pilates workouts. The workouts incorporate total body fitness, flexibility, and coordination, with a focus on core strength and stability to help riders develop better balance and an independent seat, allowing for more effective communication with the horse.
Main Article Photo: Improving your flexibility and strength will help you develop the balanced, independent seat that makes sitting trot a breeze!
All photos courtesy of Photo: Sandra Verda-Zanatta.
This article originally appeared in the September 2012 issue of Canadian Horse Journal.